Legazpi City is the capital of the province of Albay and Bicol Region of the Philippines.
With nearly 200,000 inhabitants, Legazpi is the largest city in the Bicol Region in terms of population.
Legazpi City is also the educational center of the region because of the Bicol University also known as the BU, which is the largest state-run higher education institution in the region.
Located in the geographical center of the peninsula and between the two island provinces of Catanduanes and Masbate, Legazpi is the southernmost terminus of the Philippine National Railways Main Line South.
The Mayon Volcano is an active volcano that forms the northern boundary of Legazpi City. Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape, the mountain is a national park and a protected landscaped.
Legazpi City was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Philippine islands in 1565.
Legazpi City was founded by ancient settlers and in 1616, early Spaniards transformed the village into a separate town and parish called Albay. Its first parish priest built a small chapel and established the "Mission de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan".
The eruption of Mayon Volcano on February 1, 1814, forced town inhabitants to settle in nearby Taytay (now Bagumbayan). Some of the people remained in the old town and began anew as a barrio. They seeked support of the Spaniards and as a sign of gratitude, they readily accepted the name Legazpi for the town proposed by the Spaniards.
On September 22, 1856 this Old Albay town was given the name of Legazpi and was opened to world trade.
In 1941, Japanese troops landed and occupied Legazpi City. In 1945, American and Filipino liberation forces supported by Bicolano guerrillas liberated Legazpi City from Japanese Imperial forces during the Second World War.