Manila is the capital of the Philippines and is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay. It is the second most populous city in the Philippines, behind Quezon City.
Metro Manila is composed of 16 cities. The greater Metro area has a population of over 25 million people. The population of Manila City (1.8M+) inhabits an area of only 38.55 square kilometers. This makes Manila City the most densely populated city in the world.
Metro Manila is also called the National Capital Region (NCR). It is filled with areas of bustling commerce and historical culture. Many historical landmarks are in the city and it boasts the seat of the executive and judicial branches of the government.
Manila is home to many scientific and educational institutions, as well as numerous sport facilities. This all makes Manila a major political, commercial, cosmopolitan, cultural, educational, religious, and transportation center of the Philippines.
Manila City started it's history in the 10th-century as a trading center with Japan and China. During the 13th-century, the city consisted of a fortified settlement and trading quarter at the shores of the Pasig river.
In 1571, Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded Manila in what today is Intramuros. Manila became the center of Spanish trading activity in the Far East, called the "Pearl of the Orient". Spain controlled the Philippines for three centuries, from 1565 to 1898.
In the 17th-century, a Philippine Revolution was on the rise followed by the arrival of the Americans. In 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States. Under American control, the new government planned for a modern Manila.
Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon created a new capital outside of Manila, which was named after him, called Quezon City. The Americans continued to make many improvements to the city only to have most everything lost during the destruction of World War II. Since then the city has been rebuilt and continues to grow.
Manila features a tropical savanna climate. Together with the rest of the Philippines, Manila lies entirely within the tropics.
Manila's proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is usually between 20 and 38 degrees Centigrade (68 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit). However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer.
Manila has a distinct, short dry season from January through April, and a relatively lengthy wet season from May through December.
The typhoons have been hitting Manila hard in the past few years. Many areas have experienced flooding and severe damage. The city is trying to make improvements to handle the water runoff and to make better use of it's utility system.
If planning to visit Manila, make sure to check the weather and you might want to bring an umbrella.